True crime is a genre of nonfiction documentary in film, literature and podcasts formats. Based on a true stories the authors examine an actual crime, and delve into the facts of the events in detail, usually with an investigative approach.
The crimes covered can be of any nature, but the ones that prevail, with close to half (44%) of the true crime productions, concern rare and deeply unpleasant serial killer incidents.
The first true crime account that is known of, is a book that dates back to 1617 written by Zhang Yingyu, titled The Book of Swindles. It is a compilation of real frauds that took place during the Ming dynasty.
In 1827, Thomas De Quincey wrote the book, On Murder Considered as One of the Fine Arts.
Other renowned literary works that fall into this category include Thomas De Quincey‘s On Murder Considered as One of the Fine Arts from 1827, In Cold Blood, by Truman Capote published in 1966, and The Executioner’s Song, by Norman Mailer from 1979.
This genre has been further popularized with the availability of streaming platforms.