Louis XV, King of France

Louis XV of France was a monarch who reigned from 1715 to 1774. During his reign, there were several significant events and diplomatic agreements that occurred. In 1725, France returned Luisa Isabel de Orleans, the widow of Luis I, and her sister, Felipa de Orleans, to Paris in exchange for the return of the infanta Maria Ana de Borbón to Spain. In 1733, the first Pact of Family was signed between France and Spain, which aimed to establish the dynastic ties between the two countries in the diplomatic context. In 1765, the marriage between the Prince of Asturias, future Carlos IV, and Maria Luisa de Parma was an exception to the traditional marriages between the Habsburg archduchesses and Bourbon princes. There were also significant events during Luis XV’s reign, such as the outbreak of the plague in France in 1720. Finally, Luis XV’s reign ended with his death in 1774, and he was succeeded by his grandson, Louis XVI.

Major achievements and events during the reign of Louis XV

Louis XV
Louis XV

During the reign of Luis XV of France, there were several significant events and achievements. In 1725, France returned Luisa Isabel de Orleans, the widow of Luis I, and her sister, Felipa de Orleans, to Paris in exchange for the return of the infanta Maria Ana de Borbón to Spain. In 1733, the first Pact of Family was signed between France and Spain, which aimed to establish the dynastic ties between the two countries in the diplomatic context. In 1765, the marriage between the Prince of Asturias, future Carlos IV, and Maria Luisa de Parma was an exception to the traditional marriages between the Habsburg archduchesses and Bourbon princes. Additionally, there were significant achievements in the field of artillery during the reign of Luis XV, which laid the groundwork for future developments in this area.

Main conflicts in which France participated during the reign of Louis XV

During the reign of Luis XV of France, France participated in several significant military conflicts. One of the most significant was the Seven Years’ War, which lasted from 1756 to 1763 and involved most of the major European powers. France also participated in the War of the Austrian Succession from 1740 to 1748, which was fought over the disputed succession to the Austrian throne. Additionally, France was involved in the War of Jenkins’ Ear from 1739 to 1748, which was fought between Britain and Spain over trade disputes in the Caribbean and Georgia.

Louis XV and Jeanne du Barry

Jeanne du Barry was the last favorite of King Louis XV of France. She was a woman of the people with no property, no name, and an unclear past, which made her the target of numerous satires and pamphlets. Despite the hostility of some members of the court, she became the king’s last mistress and was able to impose her influence and style at Versailles. However, she was forced to leave the court after the king’s death and was later arrested and charged with aiding the counter-revolution during the French Revolution. She was sentenced to death and executed on the guillotine. Many great lords and their associates vilified her in writing, mixing truth and falsehood so skillfully that many historians were deceived.

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